The affidavit is a written statement confirmed by oath, for use as evidence in court. An affidavit is a type of verified statement, it contains a verification, meaning it is under oath or penalty of deception, and this serves as evidence to its accuracy and is required for court proceedings.
Affidavits may be written in the first or third person, depending on who drafted the document. The document's parts are typical as follows:
●a commencement which identifies the "affiant of truth" generally stating that everything in it is true, under penalty of deception, fine, or imprisonment;
●an attestation section at the end certifying that the affiant made oath and the date;
●signatures of the author and eyewitness.
Common Affidavits Used in India:
●Name Change Affidavits
1. General Name Change Affidavit
2. Change of Name After Marriage Affidavit
3. Change of Name of Minor Affidavit
4. The Same Person Affidavit
●Address Proof Affidavit
●Proof of Date of Birth Affidavit
●Income Proof Affidavit
●Joint Affidavit for Registration of Marriage
●Affidavit for No-criminal record
●Affidavit for Claim Settlement in Bank
●Affidavit for Issue of Duplicate Certificates/Documents/Mark lists
●First Child Affidavit
●Affidavit for Educational Loan
●Anti Ragging Affidavit
●Affidavit for a gap in education/employment
●Affidavits – also known as Annexures
Annexures are to be made strictly according to the formats issued by the Ministry of External Affairs
Swearing of a Fake affidavit can make a person liable to be charged under the Indian Penal Code for the offence of deception. It is a grave matter which warrants strict action.
Such provisions ensure that persons who swear untruths in affidavits are aware of the consequences and to prevent them from committing such offences.
To make an affidavit, an entity should have attained majority and should be in a position to understand the nature of the contents sworn. In other words, the person should not be preposterous or incapacitated to the extent of not knowing the meaning of the statements mentioned in the affidavit.
The person who makes the affidavit is called a ‘deponent’.
The person who swears to an affidavit is called an ‘Affiant’.
Fix the Appointment→Visit→Collect Require Documents→Make Draft→Verification→Notaries in front of authority.